Chikmagalur has been also called Chikmangalur, Chikkamagaluru and Chikmaglur, all varies in the way they spelt.
History: Chikmaglur comes from Kannada word which means “the town of youngest daughter.” In Kannada, Chik means small, maglu means daughter and uru means town. This town is located 250kms away from the Bangalore in the north-west direction and it’s famous for its coffee as the largest coffee production of India happens there. Chikmaglur is also well known for its flourishing hills, thick forest, and the rich appearance of mesmerizing vegetation particularly the coffee and spice plantains of the town.
Landscape, Vegetation and Climate: About 48.56% i.e. nearly half area of the Chikmagalur district is covered with forest. The geographical area of the forest is 7.20 lakhs Ha. In which about 3.49 Ha is covered with forest. The part that is covered by tree outside the forest contributes almost 10% and the reason behind this is because of the coffee and other plantation crops that are harvested in the private holdings. It has a diverse vegetation and has the following forest inside its forest arena :
- Scrub type Forest.
- Thorny dry deciduous Forest
- Moist Deciduous Forest
- Semi-ever Green Forest
- Ever Green Forest
The climate in this district is very pleasant and cool throughout the year thus marking the maximum temperature in day time as 30 degree Celsius and in the night time as 19 degree Celsius.
The eastern belt receives a maximum rainfall about 600mm and the western belt marks about 3000mm so the average range falls around 1990mm.
About 7 rivers originate from thus Chikmagalur is known as the land of rivers. The river that originate here are Netravathi, Thunga, Bhadra, Yagachi, Avathi, Veda and Hemavathi.
The main catchment of Cauvery and Krishna basin happens in this district.
Attractions in Chikmagalur:
- Amrithapura: This city is in the north of Chikmagalur town about 67km away. It is well known for its temples and notables structures of Hoysala period that still last there.
- Bhadra Wildlife Santuary: This place is famous for its flora and fauna which is located 38 km north west of Chikmagalur .There are lot of animals which is must see are great Indian gaur, barking deer, flying fox, mongoose, elephant, panther, babbler, barbet, blue jay, kingfisher, robin, weaverbird, and drong.
- Baba Budan Giri: This place is also known as Chandra Drona Parvatha during the ancient times. The highest mountain peaks in between The Himalaya and The Nilgris are situated in this place.
- Kalasa: this is located 92 kms away from Chikmagalur, and it’s famous for its pancha theerthas or the five sacred ponds and the well known Kalaseshwara temple located on a small hill.
- Mullayanagiri: Mullaianagiri is the Highest Peak, situated at an average height of about 6,300 ft above sea level and is the highest not only in Chikmagalur District.
- Sringeri: Sringeri is located 90 km west away of Chikmagalur town and resides on the river banks of Tungabhadra.
- Horanadu: Horanadu which is 100 km southwest of Chikmagalur and 8 Km from Kalasa, is famous for the ancient temple of Sri Annapoorneshwari.
- Kuduremukh: Kuduremukh that means, “horse face” is located at the south west part of Chikmagalur town about 95 km away and it got its name because a hill resembles horse face.
- Kemmanagundi: This famous hill is located in the Budan range of hills which is also known as K. R Hills.
- Hebbe Falls: this is located at 10 kms away from Kemmanagundi, Hebbe falls is located where the water falls down in form of two stages: Dodda Hebbe (Big Falls) and Chikka Hebbe (Small Falls).
It is must to drop into this lovely hill station and enjoy the mesmerizing scenery of this beautiful place. As a media content analyst in Yahoo and now as a content manager in Via.com, It’s been a long way pursuing my dreams by penning down my thoughts which would influence the lives of millions in some way.On personal point of view, I am a Soprano singer with specialization in Western Classical Music and I love to travel and go on adventure and with the blessings of Almighty god, my happiness and lucky attitude keeps me going.